Category Archives: Ferrari

THE FERRARI’S SUPERCAR -FERRARI ENZO

  FERRARI ENZO

                             
                                                   Over the years Ferrari has introduced a series of supercars which have represented the very pinnacle of the company’s technological achievements transferred to its road cars. These include the GTO, F40 and F50.
This family of extreme performance cars was joined in 2002 by the Enzo Ferrari, which was the expression of the latest Formula 1 technology and know-how.
Just 400 examples were built of the Enzo, which featured advanced composite bodywork and a carbon-fibre and aluminium honeycomb sandwich chassis and was equipped with a 5998cc 65° V12 producing 660hp. The car boasted extremely advanced aerodynamics of clear F1 inspiration, with downforce that reached a maximum of 775 kg at 300 km/h, and that then gradually decreased to 585 kg at its maximum speed of 350 km/h.

ENGINE
Type
rear, longitudinal 65° V12
Bore/stroke
92 x 75.2 mm
Unitary displacement
499.90 cc
Total displacement
5998.80 cc
Compression ratio
11.2 : 1
Maximum power
485 kW (660 hp) at 7800 rpm
Power per litre
110 hp/l
Maximum torque
657 Nm (67 kgm) at 5500 rpm
Valve actuation
twin overhead camshafts per bank, four valves per cylinder
Fuel feed
Bosch Motronic ME7 injection
Ignition
Bosch Motronic ME7 electronic static, single spark plug per cylinder
Lubrication
dry sump
Clutch
twin-plate
CHASSIS

Frame
carbon-fibre and Nomex honeycomb monococque
Front suspension
independent push-rod, unequal-length wishbones, coil springs, telescopic shock absorbers with electronic adaptive damping
Rear suspension
independent push-rod, unequal-length wishbones, coil springs, telescopic shock absorbers with electronic adaptive damping
Brakes
carbon-ceramic discs
Transmission
electro-hydraulic F1 6-speed + reverse
Steering
rack-and-pinion
Fuel tank
capacity 110 litres
Front tyres
245/35 ZR 19
Rear tyres
345/35 ZR 19 
BODY
Type
two-seater berlinetta
Length
4702 mm
Width
2035 mm
Height
1147 mm
Wheelbase
2650 mm
Front track
1660 mm
Rear track
1650 mm
Weight
1255 kg (dry)
PERFORMANCE
Top speed
over 350 km/h
Acceleration 0-100 km/h
3.65 sec
0-400 m
11.00 sec
0-1000 m
19.60 sec

FERRARI ENZO IS PRICED 3,00,00,000(approx.)
                       

FERRARI CALIFORNIA


Through a fluke in timing or just plain luck, I’m fortunate enough to have now been behind the wheel of every single current Ferrari currently on sale. That’s a rarity even for automotive journalists, and it’s an honor I don’t take lightly. Today’s drive of the California marked a special occasion, since this was not just the only Ferrari I haven’t driven, it’s also an all-new kind of Ferrari.
The California is full of firsts: it’s the first-ever front-mounted V-8-engined Ferrari, it’s the first use of direct injection in a Ferrari, and it’s Ferrari’s first dual-clutch automated manual transmission. It’s also the first Ferrari built on a modular architecture, and the first built on a new production line that is downright spooky in its modernity. I was able to tour the facility last month, and the California’s production line is spotlessly clean, eerily quiet, and freakishly automated. On the one hand, computerized, precise mass production makes the California seem somehow less special; on the other, it ensures the highest level of quality. I think it’s a worthwhile tradeoff, especially for a Ferrari that’s inherently less special than some others.
Screeeetch — less special? I mean the California no insult by that. It’s the least expensive offering in Ferrari’s stable, but that’s only part of the reason why. The other reason is that I equate “special” with “insane.” I, a certified automotive nutcase, adore the F430 for its insanity. I love the way it crackles and barks and screams. I love how it scares small children and grown men alike with its acoustic assault; how it accelerates and shifts with such violence that it renders its passengers hysterical. I love how its occupants are assaulted with the feel of every pebble on the road after luring them in with the sight and aroma of the world’s finest materials.
Some, however, might find the F430 a bit much. For these people, Ferrari makes the California. The California is a softer, milder, less insane Ferrari. Ergo, it’s less special to crazy people like me, but it’s no less special in the real world. A grand tourer in the traditional sense of the word, Ferrari’s hard-top convertible is smooth and luxurious. Its sound level and ride are sedate by Ferrari standards, and its cabin elegant and luxurious.

2010 Ferrari California Interior View

From the driver’s seat, the experience is typical of today’s Ferraris, which means a big red start button, a Mannetino controller on the steering wheel, and a paddle-shifted transmission. Upon first driving off, you notice that the suspension is supple, the gearchanges are smooth, and, like all modern Ferraris, the steering is Cadillac-overboosted and lacking in feel.
I drove the California in traffic for almost a hundred miles before I finally flung it into a corner-and became quickly aware that, like the 599 GTB and the 612 Scaglietti, it has two very distinct personalities. The California turns in with amazing immediacy-likely a result of having most of its weight between the axles. To that end, the V-8 is mounted completely aft of the front axle and the dual-clutch transmission is a transaxle mounted in the rear. Not much feedback comes through the steering wheel, and the brakes are somewhat wooden, but this is a car that knows how to dance. Chassis balance is spot-on perfect, serving up high-speed drifts that are easily controlled with the throttle.
The dual-clutch transmission shifts with no interruption in power; it’s nothing like the old F1’s brutal, neck-snapping full-throttle shifts. But I actually prefer the single-clutch transmission, at least until Ferrari‘s software engineers get around to a Version 2.0. Even though the dual-clutch box provides mostly seamless shifts, making for more comfortable driving, it’s not quite as well programmed as the old F1 box, and a few glitches are apparent. (Read my blog on Transmissions for more detailed information about the Ferrari dual-clutch transmissions.)
Like all modern Ferraris, the California’s suspension is able to filter out small road surface irregularities without compromising body control. Lateral body control (lean in corners) feels, from the cockpit, to be nonexistent, but the suspension does allow a lot of brake dive.

2010 Ferrari California Dash Badge

The 453-hp, 4.3-liter V-8 is deeper in pitch and less sonorous in note than the F430’s engine. The California’s V-8 still uses a Ferrari‘s trademark flat (180-degree) crankshaft, so it sounds like two manic four-cylinders instead of the deep, distinctive burble that you get from 90-degree V-8s. The California’s exhaust note is certainly impressive, but it achieves that more by virtue of its volume than its pitch, especially from inside the car. That’s exacerbated when the transmission is in automatic mode-the lack of interruption in power during shifts makes the engine’s note change sound just like a conventional automatic. I think Ferrari needs to program in a very quick misfire during shifts to interrupt the exhaust note momentarily. Other sports car manufacturers do this.
Speaking of fuel delivery interruption, one other area that could benefit from additional programming is at very light throttle openings. All modern cars cut fuel to the engine when you lift completely off the throttle-and the transition between very light load cruising and fuel-cutoff is quite rough in the California. It’s especially noticeable when you’re trying to coast down a hill or when you’re in stop-and-go traffic, as it makes for considerable jerkiness. On the other hand, Ferrari has done a fantastic job of hiding the ticking sounds that high-pressure injectors make at idle. The injectors are located under a big, red, and gorgeous intake plenum, and the underside of the hood is lined with a sound-deadening material that makes the ticking almost completely inaudible. And lest we forget the important part-the California’s big, wide, flat torque curve. This is a V-8 that never feels soft; it pulls hard from idle to its 8000-rpm redline.
The California’s navigation system is the same Harman/Becker unit used by Chrysler. It’s a decent touch-screen unit with great usability, but the screen’s resolution is a generation or two behind the best, so the map itself is of limited use. The sound quality is only fair (it doesn’t come close to the JBL sound system in the Scuderia Spider 16M, for example), but the system offers easy-to-use Bluetooth phone integration, a hard drive for music storage, aux-in jacks, and full iPod integration.
The California also comes with two-zone climate control and air conditioning that kept the cabin cool even in 105-degree desert sun. The seats are supportive, and without exception every interior material is top-rate. The folding hard top refuses to rattle or creak, and even though it required a few ticks longer than Ferrari’s quoted fifteen-second time to open or close, it’s quick enough to operate if you’re the first to arrive at a red light. The mostly aluminum structure is so incredibly robust that at no time did I notice any scuttle shake or chassis flex.

2010 Ferrari California Retractable Drop Top

The California looks best in darker colors, which help hide its homely rear end. The stacked exhaust pipes supposedly made more room for underbody airflow management, but they’re not pretty. I also don’t care for the frowning horizontal opening that contains the supplemental rear lights. Fortunately, the front of the California is far better resolved, although the car appears tall and narrow, rather than having the wide and low stance that one expects from a sports car. The long front overhang is very reminiscent of the Maserati GranTurismo, a more elegantly styled piece of automotive jewelry. As always, styling is subjective-you might look at the photos and love it.
Visibility to the rear is acceptable, and what can’t be seen is detected by standard parking sensors. The trunk is easily large enough, at least with the roof up, to accommodate a large suitcase. The California’s rear seats are 911-sized (meaning two things: the same size as the back seats in a Porsche 911, and that you’d have to dial 9-1-1 to have emergency personnel extract any adult who tries to squeeze into the back.) The rear seats can be replaced with a beautifully finished cargo shelf at no cost, but in either configuration, the space can be used for additional storage, and the California even offers a trunk pass-through for long items.
All of the usability means the California can easily be driven daily, and for long distances. That is, of course, the very purpose of a Gran Turismo. This Ferrari is a few programming issues short of true perfection-but the important stuff is all there. The California hits 60 mph in about four seconds, tears up back roads with impeccable balance, and cruises quietly, smoothly, and comfortably. It’s an F430 with a Vulgarity Reduction Program, which is exactly what Ferrari set out to achieve and exactly what its buyers will expect. People like me will still prefer an F430, but those of sound mind, body, and pocketbook needn’t look past the California in their search for a Maranello masterpiece.

Related articles

FERRARI 612 SCALGLIETTI

                          ferrari 612 scaglietti picture

The history of the 612 Scaglietti started in 2004 when Ferrari chose it as a successor for the smaller 456 M. It was designed as a 4 seater gran tourer with adequate space in the rear seats for adults. But, if we’re going to be honest, the 612 Scaglietti features the most out-dated design in all of the current Ferrari line-up.
                           Thankfully, Ferrari is coming to the rescue with a successor to the Scaglietti. This new model will be unveiled next March at the Geneva Motor Show with sales beginning in the summer of 2011. Prices are said to be in the 300,000 euro area.
                                                                                       Ferrari has already confirmed that the next 612 model will feature lots of modifications, including a gasoline-hybrid technology which is a system Ferrari developed from the KERS system it currently uses in Formula One race cars. This system was already previewed by the 599 GTB Fiorano HY-KERS concept unveiled earlier this year.
 Now that we’ve gotten reports that the successor to the 612 Scaglietti was going to have a front end that resembles the 458 Italia, we dug up a spy video of a camouflaged Ferrari prototype doing some testing near Ferrari’s factory in Maranello a few months ago. Judging from what the overall shape of the car – it resembles that of the 612, doesn’t it? – and those 458-looking headlights, we’re curious if this could very well be the 612’s successor. The good thing is that we won’t have to wait long for our questions to be answered because the car is scheduled to have its world unveiling this March at the Geneva Motor Show.

Exterior and Interior

While the prototypes caught testing all over the world looked almost identical to the current 612 Scaglietti, the next model will adopt a totally new look. It will combine design elements from both the 458 Italia and the Vettura Laboratorio HY-KERS. The sports car will get a strong front, curved hood, and wider wheelbase.

The Engine

The current 612 Scaglietti is powered by a 5,748 cc V12 engine that delivers 530 HP and 588 Nm of torque. But the next model will adopt a hybrid drive train that will combine a V12 front engine that delivers a total of 550 HP with a 100-HP electric motor at the rear. This new system will help improve fuel consumption by at least 35%.
We expect to see the same dual-clutch 7-speed F1 transmission as in the Vettura Laboratorio HY-KERS concept.

The Competition

The next Ferrari 612 Scaglietti takes on models like the Aston Martin DBS, which is also about to enter its second generation. The new Bentley Continental GT will also have a few reasons to fear the 612.

The 612 Scaglietti is a large 2+2 grand touring coupe from Ferrari designed to replace the smaller Ferrari 456M. The large two-door is powered by 5.7-liter V12 producing 533 horsepower at 7,250 rpm, with 434 pound-feet of torque at 5,250 rpm.

Named after famous Ferrari coachbuilder Sergio Scaglietti, the 612’s design has been somewhat controversial, despite being inspired by the 1954 Ferrari 375 MM, among other classics. Nonetheless, the car’s Pininfarina-styled aluminum body keeps weight to a minimum, allowing the car’s V12 engine to push the 612 to 60 mph in 4.2 seconds or less.

Two transmissions are available, both offering six speeds. Purists can have a regular six-speed manual, while F1 fans can opt for a six-speed paddle-shift system.

Drivetrain Rear Wheel Drive
Curb Weight (lbs) 4134
City (MPG) 10
Hwy (MPG) 15
Horsepower 540@7250
Torque (lb-ft) 588@5250
Wheelbase 116.1
Length (in.) 193.0
Width (in.) 77.0
Height (in.) 52.9